Practice deep work
Be honest.Over the course of these blinks, how many notifications, emails, and texts do you think you’ll get? Chances are there might be quite a few. The question is how will that impact your understanding of these blinks? Most likely you’ll be less focused and probably miss some of the details. In an age where technology is evolving at a pace we could have once only dreamed of, we must acquire the skills and ability to focus on one task at a time in our daily work without interruption.
We must learn to practice deep work. What does that mean and how can it be achieved? Well, for starters you better turn off your notifications and then you’ll find out.
Multitasking does not equal productivity
Multitasking and distraction are the enemies of productivity. A lot of people think that doing tons of things at once is the most productive use of their time. But this logic is dead wrong. That’s because multitasking does not equal productivity. Sophie Leroy, a business professor at the University of Minnesota, who conducted research on this phenomena in 2009, shows why. She demonstrates that when switching from task “a” to task “b,” our attention stays attached to the first activity. Which means we can only half focus on the second, which hurts our performance. Her experiments utilized two groups. Group “A” worked on word puzzles until she interrupted them to go on to reading resumes and making hypothetical hiring decisions. Group “B” got to finish their puzzles before moving onto the resumes. In between the two tasks, Leroy would give a quick test to see how many key words from the puzzles were still stuck in the participants minds.The result, Group “A” was much more focused on the puzzle then therefore less focused on the important task of hiring the right person. The long and the short of it, multitasking is no good for productivity. Neither is being electronically connected all the time.In fact, while it might seem harmless to keep social media and email tabs open in your web browser, the mere fact of seeing things pop up on your screen is enough to derail your focus. Even if you’re not immediately addressing notifications. For instance, the 2012 study by the consulting firm McKinsey found that the average worker spends over 60% of their work week using online communication tools and surfing the internet with just 30% devoted to reading and answering emails. Despite this data, workers feel like they’re working more than ever.That’s because completing small tasks and moving information around makes us feel busy and accomplished. But it’s actually just preventing us from truly focusing.
Strategies for achieving deep work
There are different strategies for achieving deep work, all of which require intention. So now you know some of the road blocks that get in the way of deep work, but how can you overcome them? While there’s no universal strategy, here are a few you might find helpful. The first is the monastic approach. This strategy works by eliminating all sources of distraction and secluding yourself like a monk. The second is called the bimodal approach, which involves setting a clearly defined long period of seclusion for work and leaving the rest of your time free for everything else. The third is the rhythmic approach. The idea here is to form a habit of doing deep work for blocks of say, 90 minutes, then using a calendar to track your accomplishments. And finally the journalistic strategy is to take any unexpected free time in your daily routine to do deep work. But regardless of which technique you employ, it’s key to remember that they’re methodical, not random. In fact, that’s exactly the difference between being in the zone and deep work. After all, you get in the zone by chance and often only after hours of procrastination. On the other hand, deep work is intentional and desired, which makes it essential to have rituals that prepare your mind for it. One ritual might be to define your space. It can be as simple as placing a “Do not disturb” sign on your office door, or going to a library or coffee shop. The latter is especially helpful if you work in an open office. Just take J.K. Rowling who while finishing her last Harry Potter book stayed at a five star hotel just to escape her hectic home environment and cope with the pressure so she could get into deep work. Another ritual is to define boundaries. For example, by disconnecting the Internet or turning off your phone. And finally, make your deep work sustainable, because whether it’s light exercise, food, or a caffeine pick me up, it’s essential to give your body what it needs if you want to focus. If you don’t, you will never have the mental energy you need to stay in deep work.
Focus your brain and be selective about your use of technology. In the modern world our brains have grown accustomed to craving distraction. After all, everywhere we look people are glued to their screens playing games, messaging or refreshing their Facebook pages on repeat. The problem is that our brains are wired to be easily distracted. That’s because evolutionarily speaking these distractions could pose risks or opportunities. As a result, it’s hard for us to deeply focus on one task. But don’t worry. Productive meditation can rewire your brain and help you focus.Here’s how it works. Use moments that would otherwise be unproductive, like walking your dog, taking a shower or commuting to work, to consider a problem you need to take care of without letting your mind change subjects. To get started ask yourself questions that identify different issues in solving a given problem. Then, once you’ve landed a specific target, ask yourself action questions like, what do I need to accomplish my goal? Think about it like a hardcore workout routine for your brain, that will help build your focus. It’s also key to be mindful of your intentions when using social media and the Internet.For instance, if you use Facebook to keep in touch with friends, then use it to communicate with them, but also make an effort when possible to spend more time with them in person. And if you can’t manage to do that try going cold turkey. Quit social media for 30 days and afterward, ask yourself, would the past month would have been that much better with social media in my life? Did anyone care that I stopped using it? If you answer no to both, give it up for good.But if you answer yes then it’s probably for the best to return to it.
Schedule work and free time
Scheduling both work and free time is essential to restoring energy.When you get home from work or running errands all day often all you want to do is well, nothing. And for lots of us that means, having no fixed time slots where we have to complete tasks. But ironically enough we end up stuck to the same routine every night. We watch TV, scroll through our phones, or stare at our computers, then when it’s finally time to go to bed, we feel more tired than when we got home. Leaving us depleted of energy for the next day. How can you avoid that situation? By scheduling everything you do you’ll free up time for being mindful of how you spend it. At the start of every workday, create a schedule that is divided into blocks of at least 30 minutes. In this schedule you should set both work and personal tasks like time to relax, eat, or catch up on email. It’s inevitable that your schedule change during the day. But if this happens just rearrange your blocks. The idea isn’t to strictly abide by your itinerary, but to cultivate awareness about how you spend your time. That means it’s also key to plan your evenings and weekends ahead so you can take actions toward specific goals. So try to leave your work at the office for instance. By imposing limitations and not checking on our email after a certain time. By doing so you’ll give your mind the space it needs to shut down. Finally, planning your evenings and weekends around activities other than those involving the internet, can help you revitalize your mind and body.Maybe it’s reading, exercise, or just some quality time with loved ones.
You’ve just heard about Deep Work by Cal Newport. These readim illustrate that distractions are everywhere in the modern world, where multitasking has become our default state and is killing our productivity. The key takeaway is the good news that we can take back control of our time by eliminating distractions and letting our brains focus on one task at a time.